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Long-Term Effects of COVID-19 and the Challenges Ahead

COVID-19, caused by the novel coronavirus, has had a profound impact on the world. While the immediate health effects of the virus are well-known, there is growing concern about the long-term effects that COVID-19 may have on individuals and society as a whole. In this article, we will explore the potential long-term consequences of COVID-19 […]

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Have you noticed that every time you visit your doctor he will measure your blood pressure? Have you ever wondered what actually is meant by blood pressure? It is the measurement of the amount of pressure the blood exerts on the internal lining of the blood vessels. The blood pressure is measured at different points

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Haemoptysis is the medical term for coughing up blood. Spitting of blood may occur from any slight bleeding from the teeth, gums or a congested throat. Sputum may contain streaks of blood. When the source of bleeding is lower in the lungs then it could be serious. This bleeding is called haemoptysis, and can be because of the

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Enuresis, bed-wetting as we call it, is involuntary passing of urine, especially at night. It is quite normal for infants and small children to wet their beds, but most bed-wetting stops by age of three years. In some children, it may persist into teenage and occasionally into adult life. Excessive water drinking is contributory factor.

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Difficult or laboured breathing (dyspnoea) is a common symptom and signifies obstruction to flow of air into and out of lungs in asthma, or disease of the lungs, e.g. emphysema, or a disease of the heart. Dyspnoea at rest has greater significance than the one which appears only on exertion. The severest degree of dyspnoea

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