Diagnosis of secondary causes of hypertension includes various endocrine diseases that lead to an imbalance in the hormones produced by the various endocrine glands. Kidney diseases and tumors have also been known to be major underlying secondary causes of hypertension. By definition secondary hypertension which is commonly referred to as inessential hypertension, may be caused due to several identifiable secondary causes.
This type of hypertension is less common and is known to affect around 5% of all patients suffering from hypertension. A common form of secondary hypertension is known as renovascular hypertension. The secondary causes of hypertension include chronic renal failure, kidney disease including renal artery stenosis and renal segmental hyperplasia.
Secondary causes of hypertension in the context of endocrine disorders include acromegaly, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, hyperaldosteronism, and pheochromocytoma. When there is over production or underproduction of the endocrine hormones it can lead to inessential form of hypertension. When an individual is using hormonal contraceptives, sometimes this may also be a secondary cause of hypertension.
When herbs like liquorice are consumed in high quantities, it has been known that this can lead to increase in blood pressure levels .Today many people are buying drugs that offer easy weight loss or beauty treatment, but one must be careful and consult the doctor, as there could be many other side effects like the secondary hypertension.