Orthostatic Hypertension

There are standard hypertension treatment measures that can be applied for the management of orthostatic hypertension. Since orthostatic hypertension is a condition where the blood pressure is elevated in response to change in posture. Thus the medications that are prescribed for the treatment of orthostatic hypertension will target the sympathetic nervous system. It has been found that prozasin is very effective for the management of this form of  hypertension.

Prozasin is known to reduce the blood pressure levels as it blocks certain receptors for norepinephrine. This in turn relaxes the muscles of the blood vessel and the blood pressure comes down. On the other hand, clonidine is also known as catapress and it stimulates certain receptors in the central nervous system that control the cardiac output. When clonidine is present in the blood, it will stimulate the brain to lower the cardiac out and lower the muscle tone. Thus consequently the levels of calcium and norepinehrine will be decreased which contributes to the process of lowering the blood pressure.

Various hypotheses have been put forth in order to explain the cause of incidence of orthostatic pressure. According to this hypothesis, when an individual is in standing position, the blood shifts to the lower extremities and this in turn lowers the cardiac output. The sympathetic nervous system reacts by exerting pressure in the nerves that will increase the blood pressure levels by contracting the blood vessels.

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