There are many people who may be having valvular stenosis for many years, without suffering from any symptoms or been aware of it. There are various tests and examinations that point towards valvular stenosis. This disease is often detected when conducting regular physical examination with the stethoscope. The doctor may hear unusual sounds and murmurs during the examination. Further investigation involves an ultrasound and echocardiography.
If the results of the tests are showing signs of discrepancies in the internal structure then the doctor may conduct a catherization or angiocardiography. But in case, that are undetected, the patient will be able to lead a normal life. The heart has four valves and when the functioning of these valves is disrupted due to valvular stenosis, it will affect the flow of blood to the entire body.
Eventually, the heart muscles have to work harder in order to pump blood into the circulatory system. Some of the symptoms of valvular stenosis include arrhythmias, congestive heart failure and the patient complains of fainting and dizziness. The doctor may prescribe medication, in order to relive the symptoms that are associated with the disease.
In severe cases of valvular stenosis, where there is considerable reduction in the flow of blood to the body and the condition also causes stress on the heart muscles, then it would be important to perform a surgery. The damaged valve will have to be replaced with other animal parts, plastic or metal artificial valves.