Pyloroplasty is also known as pylorolyotomy or pyloric stenosis repair. According to this procedure, the lower part of the stomach known as the pylorus is opened up so that the contents can empty into the duodenum or small intestine. The surgery may also be performed with the aid of local anesthesia, although general anesthesia is usually given.
The patient may be asleep or awake during the process of pyloroplasty. The surgeon may make a cut above the belly button, but there will be three cuts when pyloroplasty is performed by the laparoscopic method. The surgeon may cut through the hardened muscles, in order to relive the stenosis. In this case the cut through the muscle would be in the horizontal direction in order to keep the pylorus open and allow the stomach to empty into the small intestine.
Pyloroplasty has been performed in your children who are suffering from pyloric stenosis which is caused due to the thickening of the pylorus muscle. Anesthesia is children could lead to various side effects like breathing problems and there is an increased risk of bleeding and infections. There are various risk factors that must be considered before performing a pyloroplasty. In some cases, there may be leakage of stomach contents, long term diarrhea, and mucosal perforation leading to a tear in the lining of the surrounding organs.