When there is considerable reduction in the flow of blood to the lungs, it could be due to pulmonary valve stenosis. There are various causes of this valvular heart disease, as it has been found that this disease occurs in patients suffering from congenital heart diseases. The pulmonary heart stenosis is also observed in individuals suffering from the rheumatoid heart disease or malignant carcinoid tumor.
An individual suffering from pulmonary valve stenosis will show various symptoms like jugular venous distention, right ventricular hypertrophy and other general symptoms like low levels of oxygen content in the blood. In certain cases, one may also observe cyanosis in the nail beds. In other cases, the pulmonary valve stenosis is mild and it may not be diagnosed during the initial stages.
However severe cases of the pulmonary valve stenosis, the patient may complain of sudden dizziness and a sensation of fainting during strenuous exercise. These symptoms are also associated with enlarged liver an edema in legs. This disease can be diagnosed only after an echocardiography. The treatment of pulmonary valve stenosis includes surgical methods. But the course of treatment will depend on the nature of the disease. In case of congenital heart diseases, a balloon valvuloplasty would be the best alternative to surgery.