Pulmonary odema is a condition where there is accumulation of fluid in the lungs. There can be many underlying reasons that are associated with pulmonary edema. In fact based on the underlying factors pulmonary edema has been classified into
Non cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
In cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, a heart failure will lead to accumulation of fluid in the lungs. But irrespective of the causative factors when a patient is admitted in the emergency ward and shows signs of pulmonary edema then the main focus will be on trying to revive the respiratory system in order to avoid complications and death. Factors that lead to cardiogenic pulmonary oedema.
A case of congestive heart failure is caused due to accumulation of water in the lungs. It may have been caused by severe heart attack that has been caused due to left ventricular failure. Sometimes when the patient has severe arrhythmias like tachycardia, fast pulse rate or bardycardia it will slow his heartbeat and cause cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. Hypertensive crisis and fluid overload due to kidney failure also cause various complications that include pulmonary oedema. In most diabetics who are hypertensive there is a high risk of congestive heart failure that is indicated by pulmonary edema. Therefore it is important to maintain normal glucose level and maintain blood pressure in order to avoid cardiogenic edema.