Acute pulmonary oedema is a condition where excessive fluid is filled in the lungs and it leads to great suffocation and it is a life threatening condition. It is important to understand the anatomy of heart in order to learn about acute pulmonary oedema. The human heart is divided into four chambers with a left and right atrium and a left and right ventricle.
There are various arteries and veins that circulate blood to the heart and from the heart to various parts of the body. In case of a heart failure which is left sides the pressure inside the pulmonary veins is increased. This leads to accumulation of fluid in the space surrounding the lungs. Thus the contact space for the alveoli with the gases is reduced and the patient will be suffocated.
His breathing will be strenuous and one can also hear the crackling sound coming from the lungs. This is a serious condition and the patients need to be shifted in the emergency ward. In the case of patients suffering from multiple complications like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, renal disease, and pneumonia, w which if untreated can lead to various complications including acute pulmonary oedema. Myocardial infarctions in the heart are known to cause the accumulation of excessive fluids in the lungs. During a heart failure there is cardiac dysfunction that leads to cardiac muscles dysfunction. Various disorders in the valve like aortic or pulmonary can also lead to acute pulmonary oedema in the patient.